VietNam Bird tour - Annam Birding

VietNam Bird tour - Annam Birding

VietNam Bird tour - Annam Birding

Vietnam, the highest number of endemics Primates of mainland Southeast Asia. Vietnam has 25 primate species, of which 11 are critically endangered and 6 are endemics to Vietnam; several more are found only in Indochina. It is undoubtedly one of the most important countries in the world for primate conservation.

Six Endemic Primates

1. Cat Ba Langur (Trachypithecus poliocephalus).


The Cat Ba langur is only found on Cat Ba island, Hai Phong, off the north-east coast of Viet Nam. It has the smallest distribution of any langur species in the world. The species is considered critically endangered by The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) since 2000. As of 2006 the estimated population was 64 individuals.




2. Con Dao Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis condorensis).


Whilst there are varied species of long-tailed macaques in Viet Nam and around the world, this Vietnamese endemic species is limited to the Con Dao archipelago, Ba Ria Vung Tau off the south east coast of Viet Nam. The species is considered vulnerable by the IUCN since 2001. The estimated population was about 2000 individuals over the world.




3. Delacour’s Langur (Trachypithecus delacouri).


The Delacour’s langur is found in the Northern provinces of Ninh Binh, Ha Nam, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa, and Ha Tay. The species is considered critically endangered by the IUCN since 2003. The species population has been declining and it is estimated that about 200 individuals remain in the wild over the world.




4. Eastern Black Crested Gibbon (Nomascus nasutus).


The Eastern black gibbon is found in a small area in north-east Viet Nam close to the Chinese border, where it is restricted to the Phong Nam-Ngoc Khe Mountains, Trung Khanh District, northern Cao Bang province, and adjacent forest in Jingxi County, Guangxi. It is possibly still extant in neighbouring Hoa Binh province, Viet Nam, as well, and in 2002 it was additionally reported from Kim Hy forest in Bac Kan province. The species is considered critically endangered by the IUCN since 2003. The estimated population is about 130 individuals over the world.



5. Grey-shanked Douc Langur (Pygathrix cinerea).


The Grey-shanked douc langur is found in the provinces of Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Kon Tum, and Gia Lai in central Viet Nam. The species is considered critically endangered by the IUCN since 2001. The estimated population in 2004 was between 550-700 individuals, declining at a rate of over 80% of the total population over the world.




6. Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey (Rhinopithecus avunculus).


Although populations used to be widespread throughout the north of Viet Nam, the Tonkin snub-nosed monkey is now limited to Tuyen Quang, Bac Kan and Ha Giang and Thai Nguyen. The species is considered critically endangered by the IUCN since 1996s . The estimated population in Viet Nam is about 250 individuals.